Chinua Achebes world is completely literary world, the Nigerian novelist has built in the West African Literature, starting from the year 1958 by his novel, "Things Fall Apart".
He wrote it, influenced by his Ibo clan's traditions and beliefs to trace its history and write about his tribe's cultures and other social and political circumstances in the surroundings.
Inside his world, Chinua Achebe was in fact started to write even before he was in the university, when he wrote his short story, "A Dead Man's Path" to portrait the traditions of the Ibo tribe.
But, it was "Things Fall Apart" that helped him to be famous. It built what I call Chinua Achebes World abroad.
As a person who grew up in a rich area of oral literature and immature visual arts, he was impressed by his merit of literary treasure, religions and traditions to write stories, while he was studying medicine at the university of Ibadan.
Chinua Achebes world has been created suddenly when his "Things Fall Apart" attracted the attention of the literates and critics in the Western world. The novel captured the attention of the English readers and the critics, as well by its story telling line.
He touched deeply the history of his Ibo society through the story of the head characters combined of Okonkow and his family. That was just the way other contemporary Nigerian novelists and writers, as Buchi Emecheta and Wole Soyinka has gone through.
But, if we considered the tribal orientation of those writers, we would come to realize something valuable that the West always helps to bloom.
So, the Western critics considered the book as his best novel, although one of his latest named works, "Anthills of the Savannah" , which he has published in 1987 has mesmerized the English readers.
He was graduated in 1953. After graduation, he worked for the Nigerian Broadcasting Service and then decided to resettle in Lagos and give his efforts to his literary orientation.
There is something very interesting here when we follow the art essence in Africa, as we notice that the Sudanese novelist al-Tayeb Salih has also passed to this literary world through the British Broadcasting Service (BBC) to become a famous literate.
It was only by following his passion and knowledge he became poet, critic, essayist, children's writer, editor and university professor and thus created his own Chinua Achebes World in the Nigerian literature.
The basic line in his novels focuses on the traditions of the Igbo clan, the effect of Christianity and the conflict of Western and Traditional African values during and after the colonial period.
So, Chinua Achebes World is that stylized world the Nigerian novelist has outsourced from the Igbo oral traditions combined with narrations of Nigerian folk stories and proverbs.
Therefore, some critics consider him as the father of the modern African literature.
The political conflicts in Nigeria also motivated him to reflect the political development of his society in his novels and essays, especially when Biafra seceded in 1967 and the civil war devastated his country in 1975.
He became Biafran patriot during the war of secession and was known as ambassador for the people of Biafra to get their independence from Nigeria.
When the government of Nigeria took Biafra back in 1970, he appealed to America and Europe to support the Biafran cause. This is a secessionist's behavior in Chinua Achebes World by today's measures, but of course not by the measures in the past.
However, he opposed the corruption and the elitism in the political life.
One of his remarkable works is his lecture in 1975 by the title, "An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's "Heart of Darkness" through which he criticized the Polish Ukraine novelist, Joseph Conrad (3 December 1857 − 3 August 1924) and described his work as "a bloody racist".
His political activities and views as supporter of the independence of Biafra accompanied by his support to use English in his country and his critique to the Polish Ukraine novelist, Joseph Conrad appear to be controversial. He held both positive and negative political views, presenting a clear conflict in the way he thinks.
That appears by the political measures of today to be critical points to rationality in politics, which supposed to stand for unity not for secession and it explains at the same time his political views as secessionist.
Things Fall Apart is one of many literary achievement in Chinua Achebe's world... a novel that is well-acclaimed novel worldwide.
Here you will go beyond the storytelling line to explore the relentlessly unsentimental rendering of Nigerian tribal life before and after colonialism.
The novel was published in 1958, just two years before the Nigerian declared independence from Great Britain.
Critics pointed out that the book eschews the obvious temptation of depicting pre-colonial life, as a kind of Eden.
Instead, Achebe sketches a world in which violence, war, and suffering exist, but are balanced by a strong sense of tradition, ritual, and social coherence.
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The Sudanese Song should be by now published at the HOAs Cultural Project on the HOA Political Scene Blog here. I published that website few years after the Ezine Act. But, since this page on this website has good presence, I am forced to leave it here. It performs good with its article.
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Selected Poetry - Rising of the Phoenix" in Arabic